Indeed, in most cases, pain in the lower back because of the spine. In particular, the cause of pain in most cases are osteochondrosis and spondiloarthrosis. This so-called "primary" causes, which are caused by muscular-skeletal changes.
But there are a number of "secondary" causes, not all of them are connected with the very spine. So, what are "secondary" causes of pain?
Let's look at some of them:
- a variety of tumours (both primary and metastatic) of the vertebrae and the spinal cord;
- vertebral fractures;
- infectious diseases, which may occur damage of the intervertebral discs and vertebrae themselves;
- metabolic destruction of bone tissue (osteoporosis, osteomalacia);
- non-infectious inflammatory diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis);
- acute disorders of the spinal blood circulation, which, for example, occur when stroke;
- growing pains;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (intestinal obstruction, atypical acute appendicitis);
- reflective pain, which can occur in various diseases of the pelvic organs (infection of gynecological diseases, renal colic).
As you can see, the reason is not always in the spine. Some serious diseases can also cause similar pain. However, in this case, the pain is reflected in nature and quite often a pain in lower abdomen and back, so the diagnosis is easier.
There is also another reason for the pain. So, quite often a pain in lower back during pregnancy, especially in the later stages, when the load on the spine is very large, and he is forced to "bend" more than usual. In addition, pregnancy shifts the center of gravity of a person increases weight, all this also bears a "heavy burden" on the spine.
Lumbalgia, what we encounter most often
The most common problem is lumbago – pain that develops in the lower back. Its causes are much simpler and "more harmless" than many other types of pain. In particular, the cause of lumbalgia is usually physical exhaustion, rapid movement, excessive physical effort with stress on the back, for long periods in an uncomfortable posture, hypothermia, colds, bruises, etc. However, the same low back pain also can cause lumbago.
Thus for this syndrome mostly chronic, in which there is a periodic alternation of relapses and remissions. In the recurrence of the patient can greatly hurt back, the pain is usually sharp and abrupt, appearing attacks. During remission the pain recedes, but some time retaining a sense of discomfort in the affected area.
How to get rid of pain in the lower back?
The first thing to understand is that pain can be caused by various reasons, and not always obvious. Therefore, the use of painkillers in this case will not give that effect that person wants to. In fact, these drugs just mask the pain, but the cause of its appearance does not disappear after the action of the drug, the pain returns.
We must not forget a simple truth – you need to treat not pain, but the cause of its occurrence. For example, osteochondrosis most important part of the treatment are not non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and pain medications, as many people think. In fact, these meds just have to alleviate the patient's condition during the period of acute pain and a little relieve inflammation. The real treatment begins after the pain has receded. It massages, physiotherapy, diet is the treatment that allows to avoid the recurrence of the disease.
Do not try to guess on their own, why can hurt the lower back. The best solution is to take a painkiller and to go to the doctor if the pain is tolerable. If to walk due to severe pain syndrome is hard, it is better to call the doctor at home.
The doctor, conducting the primary examination, will prescribe additional MRI diagnostics to establish the specifics of the disease, which can be associated directly with disease of the pelvis.