Lower back pain in English-language sources call pain in the lower back (low back pain). Pain often contributes to tension in the lumbar spine, limitation of motion and antalgic scoliosis. Acute back pain can last from several days to several weeks.
Lower back pain occurs in almost every man at least once in life. It should be noted that pain can be in any part of Your back, but, however, pain in the lumbar spine occurs most frequently. This is due to the fact that the lumbar vertebrae bear the maximum load from the weight of Your body.
Lower back pain is second by the number of visits to physician immediately after a viral infections.
You may feel pain in the lower back after lifting heavy weights, sudden movements, after finding for a long time in one position or after a spinal injury.
Sharp pain in the lumbar spine most often caused by displacement of intervertebral disk and spinal cord injury.
The pain can be varied: sharp, dull, pulling , burning, may be accompanied by tingling and formication, numbness.
The intensity of back pain can vary greatly from mild to unbearable pain that interferes to make the slightest movement. The pain can be combined with pain in the hip, pain in shins, pain in the foot.
First, You need to consult a doctor-neurologist. The doctor will ask You questions about the nature of Your pain, its frequency of repetition. The doctor will try to determine the cause of the pain and begin the treatment of simple methods (ice, moderate pain relievers, physical therapy and necessary exercise).
In most cases, such treatments reduce back pain. During the examination the doctor will determine the exact location of the pain, its radiating, neurological reflexes. Most people with pain in the lumbar spine recover within 4-6 weeks.
Diagnosis includes magnetic resonance imaging (eng. MRI) of the lumbar spine, computed tomography of the lumbar-sacral spine, x-rays of the spine.
Since the most common cause of back pain is Intervertebral hernia lumbar-sacral spine, the first thing You need to do an MRI of the lumbar spine. This study will also help eliminate most causes of pain, such as tumor in the lumen of the spinal canal, tuberculosis of the spine, spinal fracture, multiple myeloma, anatomically narrow spinal canal, spondylolisthesis, different kind of curvature of the spine, spondylosis and spondylosis. If Your neurologist has not given You an MRI, do it yourself. The power of the MRI machine should be 1 Tesla or more.
Don't start diagnosis with x-ray and computed tomography, these methods are unsafe. You can make them in the first place only in cases of suspected fracture of the spine.
Most people feel much better after the first week of treatment. After 4-6 weeks, a significant proportion of patients the pain disappears completely.