Back pain below the waist: what it is

Back pain below the waist bother many people. Ignorance of all such manifestations of the pain syndrome we call "sciatica", although this is completely wrong. Pain below the waist can be caused by a number of reasons and carry different character, also has an impressive list of diseases that manifest this symptom.

A lot depends on the exact nature of pain and its location. To determine the reason why a sore lower back, can only be a specialist. But at first you need to understand to what doctor to address, to solve the problem.


A brief list of possible causes of pain below the waist:

  • Low back pain. The disease is observed in dystrophic lesions of the discs between the vertebrae and the vertebral bodies.
  • The spondylosis is osteoarthritis of the joints between the vertebrae.
  • Tumors of the spine. Primary tumor and metastases (result from the development of the tumor in a different organ or system).
  • Fracture of the spine.
  • Infection in the area of the vertebrae and discs.
  • If there are any problems in the organs located in the pelvis, may exhibit the described symptom.
  • Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Problems with blood circulation in the spine.
  • Abnormal metabolism, causing total damage of bones.
  • Inflammatory diseases with non-infectious origin.


Most often acute pain in the lumbar region occurs in different strains. Center pain syndrome are long muscles of the back. Constant spasms in the end, lead to limitations in movement. For this reason, back pain in the lower back and the pain experienced in the legs and groin area.


Often acute pain occurs due to such obvious reasons that cannot be ignored: a fracture of the vertebrae. Some people think that this happens rarely, but, in fact, earn can fracture even with a simple fall on his feet. Especially in cases when there are already some changes in the spine and the bones themselves are fragile.

Offset disks

Following a fairly common cause of what causes a sharp pain. In the lumbar intervertebral discs are displaced. The symptom is very strong: people can't move.

Facies syndrome

In principle, it rarely leads to the manifestation of acute pain in the lower back, such a symptom is possible. There are so-called nerve roots in the spinal canal. If there is compression on his exit from the spine, a symptom is manifested.

Epidural abscess

Serious disease, which in rare cases is pain below the waist. Most often this disease develops in the thoracic spine, and pain symptoms are localized there. But, when running the process, they may also be given in the lumbar region. The disease requires immediate surgical treatment.

Chronic pain: less scary, but dangerous


Chronic back pain always manifest themselves not so much as sharp. But the pain is still impossible to ignore: if there is pain, then the body that something is wrong. While the person ignores his condition and try to treat it with traditional methods, the disease progresses.

Lower back pain or read more about lumbago

Often pain syndrome of a chronic nature in this area is inherent in the people older than middle-aged and elderly. But today's youth are also faced with this painful symptom. This condition is called "lumbago".

Pain arises provided the increased physical activity, even with an awkward movement. It is so much permeates the body, that man may at some time be frozen in the position in which it is found.

Possible causes of lumbago:

  • sciatica (but not always and this is the cause of the described symptom);
  • hernia in the lower back;
  • there was a shift of one or more vertebra;
  • could have been one of the intervertebral disc (maybe with heavy loads on the spine);

The pain is sharp and acute, many characterize it as "lumbago" in the back. She not only gets to move even to breathe hurt. If you lie down and spend some time in peace and quiet, the symptom decrease.

Pain below the waist

Very often such give pain in the leg and occur after intense exertion, and, after exposure.

What about the reasons you need to remember:

  • sciatica;
  • herniated discs;
  • Bechterew's disease;
  • renal colic (the pain is localized below the waist on the right side);

Back pain in lower back in women

As the number of gynecological diseases and special conditions women can cause pain in this area, something about the symptom in great ladies should talk separately.

Classification pain below the waist in women:

  • Lumbago. This acute backache due to stress or hypothermia.
  • Lumbalgia. Pain of this type is permanent, but not strong character. It can also occur due to loads on the spine (which are permanent), and also due to sedentary work.
  • Lumboischialgia. Pain of this type almost always gives in the leg. It occurs when the hernia requires rapid treatment.

Important! If the pain in the described area are aching in nature, they are not a sign of serious pathology. Although, of course, also require proper diagnosis and treatment.

Localization of pain on the left below the waist

Except that this symptom is caused by disease of the spine, it can be a pain, which is transmitted from the internal organs. On the left side of the body in this part is the kidney and intestine, pancreas and stomach, spleen. The woman from the left is the ovary, pathology which may cause pain lower back left.

If diseases of the internal organs is severe, you will manifest not only pain in this region. Common symptoms are a fever and chills, unusual urine color, lower abdominal pain (in women, the failure of the menstrual cycle).

Important! If the survey did not identify problems with internal organs and systems, it is required to do an additional examination of the spine.

Two types of pain and its causes:

  • Aching and dull pain indicates chronic spondylarthrosis'. Most often, the symptom manifests itself after prolonged sitting, after sleep.
  • Sharp and pungent. Acute lumbago constrains motion and is accompanied by a drop in body temperature. The pain can appear after a shower or even a massage.

The transition pain in the leg or buttock

The pain below the lower back often radiates to buttock or leg. If the diagnosis doctor must account for this fact. This phenomenon suggests that perhaps the affected nerve roots of that part of the spine.

Also the pain that is passed in the leg and groin, the stomach, suggests a possible serious lesions of the upper vertebrae. Sometimes the pain even leads to torpor of the feet and the loss of the ability of the movement indicates inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Most often it is observed as piriformis syndrome.

Which provokes pain in women

If the woman in your life there is no physical load, and then it begins active weeding of raised beds or just decided to wash the floor in the house, unpleasant pain below the waist can cause. Frequent bending and fatigue of the back lead to the pain, because the skeletal muscles are not prepared for such work.

Interesting! Precisely for this reason, beginners in fitness may experience describe the form of pain. And even professional athletes that give of themselves every day excessive, unusual load.

To harmless causes of pain described localization include:

  • a sedentary lifestyle (especially in the wrong posture);
  • improper lifting;
  • load excessive for a particular lady;
  • hypothermia (draft or light clothing will quickly make themselves felt);

Pain due to gynecological problems


Infectious diseases of the reproductive system in women can cause severe pain. Gynecologists emphasize that in this case lower back pain is not aching in nature, it is acute and affects the livelihoods of ordinary women, binds it.

According to various gynaecological reasons, pain can be constant aching in nature. In any situation, to make an accurate diagnosis for any particular case can only physician.

Possible gynecological problems that cause pain below the waist:

  • In the critical days in the body increases the amount of substances responsible for the sensation of pain. For this reason, you may experience nagging pains in the bottom of the lower back and lower abdomen. You need to get checked out by your doctor, but some emergency measures in such a situation do not exist: you need to wait until the pain passes.
  • During pregnancy, especially in the last stages. Everything is clear: the pressure on the lower back increases with increasing weight of the fetus. Plus, the organism strenuously produces the hormone progesterone, leading to the weakening of the joints and ligaments.
  • If the pain appeared in the early months of pregnancy is a dangerous condition. It indicates that there are risks of detachment of the ovum. Often nagging pain in lower back when such threat is accompanied by brown discharge.
  • Endometritis. The lining of the uterus is the mucous structure, which cling various inflammations. So, if this happens, the symptoms will be bright and without a visit to the gynecologist is not enough.
  • Ectopic pregnancy, cyst rupture or apoplexy eggs – the cause of severe pain in the lumbar region. The pain is localized at the bottom, you need to be hospitalized.

If a person has pain in the lower back is not necessarily manifested sciatica. There is a huge list of diseases of the spine and pathologies of other organs and systems that cause such a syndrome. To accurately determine the cause of the pain, only the doctor depending on its localization, character, and other related symptoms.

You should not attempt to self-diagnose myself. It is necessary to consult a doctor, for example, to the therapist and tell them about your condition and pass the appropriate tests. Take care of yourself and do not self-medication without consulting a doctor, because often such interference in their health leads to tragic consequences.