The formation of correct posture in children largely depends on the environment. The duty of parents, and employees of preschools and schools is to follow the correct position of children in standing, sitting and walking, and use exercises that develop primarily the muscles of the back, legs and abdomen. This is to ensure that the child has developed the natural muscular corset.
The spine (vertebral column) is a major part of the axial skeleton and consists of 33-34 vertebrae, which are connected by ligaments and joints.
In the womb baby's spine looks like a uniform arc. When a child of the light, it straightens the spine and becomes almost a straight line. From the moment of birth begins to form posture. With the skill of holding the head in a raised position, the cervical spine of the baby occurs gradually bending forward, so-called cervical lordosis. If the time came when the child already knows how to sit, thoracic spine is also shaped bending, only facing backwards (kyphosis). But if the child begins to walk, the lumbar with a slight curve with the convexity facing forward. This lumbar lordosis. It is therefore important to follow the correct formation of a child's posture.
Posture is the ability of the individual to keep their body in various positions. It is right and wrong.
Posture is correct when the relaxed standing person, being in his usual position, does the extra active stress and keeps your head and body straight. In addition, he has an easy gait, slightly lowered and laid back shoulders forward facing chest, tight stomach and legs, straight in knees.
Improper posture of the person is not able to correctly keep your body, therefore, as a rule, stands and moves on the floor-legs bent, shoulders and head, and thrusting the abdomen. In this posture interferes with the normal functioning of internal organs.
Various violations of posture, whether slouching, lordosis, kyphosis or scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) is quite common in children of preschool and school ages. Mostly they are children or physically impaired, or suffering from any chronic illness, or who have already suffered from a heavy disease in early childhood.
The prevention of any disorders related to posture, should be comprehensive and be based on the following principles.
The constantly developing body of the child throughout the growth needs of useful nutrient. The diet should be complete and varied, as this depends on how correct will be the development of muscles and bones.
The locomotor activity.
Very important for children's health posture exercise, various sports (especially skiing and swimming), gymnastics, and tourism, active outdoor games, etc. Should be aware that upon physical development should not force the child to make sharp and quick loads.
Correct mode of the day.
To avoid problems with posture not only need to arrange the correct mode of the day (walking, sleeping, waking, feeding, etc.), but strictly observe it, without making any exception, for example on weekends.
Comfortable children's room.
Competent correction shoes.
Correct, accurate and timely selection of children's shoes allows parents to avoid it and even eliminate many of the problems such as functional shortening of the limb, resulting from incorrect posture or the compensation of defects of feet (clubfoot, flat feet).
Uniform load distribution.
It is known that most often it is in school age, when children experience rapid growth of bone and muscle mass, they, unfortunately, acquire a curvature of the spine. This happens for the reason that at this age the child's spine is not adapted to heavy loads. Parents should try not to overload the child when wearing them knapsack, rucksack or briefcase. Remember that the standard weight which is allowed to raise the child, is 10% of the total body mass.
Back school backpack should be flat and solid, its width should not be more than shoulder width. Also the pack should not hang below the belt and straps must be soft and wide, adjustable length. It is unacceptable for extended periods of time carrying heavy bags on one shoulder, which is especially important for girls. In this case, the curvature of the spine may be unavoidable.
As for the right of carrying heavy loads, it is known that lean, to take the weight and lift it is a huge load on the spine and you can't do that. Correct would be to sit down first with a flat back, then take, pressed against his chest, lifting and carrying. And as advice to parents: even if you do not follow this rule, and teach it to your child.
To stimulate growth and develop the muscles of the child can safely start from the moment of his birth. So their growth and strength will develop faster. For infants, a great help in this is the massage (by prescription).
The kid at the age of 2-3 months you can begin doing exercise to workout the muscle groups responsible for holding the body in the correct position. It's enough to be with her palms to raise a child, moving from position "lying" in the "up" position, and then long to hold him in the air. In this position the muscles and joints of the baby are to move, training all muscle groups.
After 1.5 years in the form of a game with a child can begin to do gymnastics. Together you can "chop wood", "cat" arch your back, "to pump water" walk on the drawn lines, like the rope, rolling on the floor, to pass the obstacle, etc. you Can ask your child to draw a bird: lie on your stomach, "spread wings" (arms out to the sides) and hold the ankles of the feet.
Posture of the child is formed before puberty. All this time, you must follow its formation. If a child already, there was a definite violation, until that period it can be corrected. The child should regularly visit the podiatrist while he's on the account and go through all the available types of treatment. This can be a therapeutic exercise, swimming, massage, physiotherapy, manual therapy, and surgical treatment (according to indications).
For the formation of correct posture in children and prevent violations during the lessons of morning gymnastics, physical culture and during these moments at home and mainly in preschool and school institutions can use a variety of useful exercises. The following are examples of such exercises.
Dear parents, to remind and to tell the child "Sit up straight" of course, but that's still not enough. Start to worry about the health of their kids "from the cradle" and be sure to find time to practice with them. An important moment in the formation of correct posture of the child is a personal example. Do the exercises with your child, keep your back straight and be healthy!