Left back pain: causes, diagnosis and treatment

What to do if back pain lower left? Clearly this question can not be answered, if not pre-determine the nature of this pain and its causes. The nature of the pain can be sharp, contractions, or Vice versa, the constant, monotonous, dull. By itself pain is a negative sign, it brings physical and moral suffering for the patient, impairs quality of life.

back pain left


But in some cases such pain indicates advanced disease process that will not be cured with one tablet of analginum or grandma's herbs. Requires complex therapy, and in some situations can need a surgical intervention. Most often back pain on the left is accompanied by such diseases and pathological processes such as:

  • Diseases of locomotor apparatus lesions of the spine (degenerative disc disease with displacement of the intervertebral disc, spinal curvature, specific lesions of the spine tumor, tuberculosis).
  • Kidney disease and stone formation in the renal pelvis
  • Heart disease – angina, myocardial infarction
  • Lungs and pleura – pleuropneumonia
  • Myositis
  • Diseases of the abdominal organs
  • Pregnancy

Lose musculoskeletal

Back pain on the left can be disturbed in diseases of the spine, and this category of disease is the most frequent reason. The point is that some reasons (excessive weight, weak immune system) can lead to metabolic disorders, degeneration and thinning of the intervertebral disc. This disc during physical exertion (sudden movements, lifting weights) becomes displaced in one direction or another, in this case the left. There is a degradation and reactive inflammation of the left hind sensitive spinal nerves, there is a characteristic left-sided lumbar pain.

Similarly, prejudiced and inflamed the nerves in the curvature to the side (scoliosis) of the lumbar spine. The reason may be all the same pain, constantly maintain the wrong posture. Tumour localization in the lower back on the left grow a tumor and destroyed all the muscles, bones, cartilage, nerves. This state is characterized by severe pain, which can be removed only by narcotic analgesics.

Quite a pain disturb the patient in left lumbar myositis. On both the right and left lower back are large arrays of muscles. Under the influence of adverse factors (overcooling, physical exertion) in these muscles inflammation develops. This process gives severe pain, aggravated by breathing, coughing, change of body position.

Diseases of the internal organs

the treatment of back pain

On the left lumbar region is projected in the left kidney. That is why the diseases of that organ, tend to give low back pain on the left. The pain can be sharp and sudden, as in renal colic, or, on the contrary, dull and aching in chronic renal disease. Kidney pain syndrome are so similar to those in the spine, without any special diagnostic studies, these States are easily confused and make one disease for another. The hallmark of kidney disease is the so-called sign pasternatskogo – increased pain when effleurage (not strong!) in the projection of kidneys. However, without laboratory analysis of urine, the accuracy of this sign is poor.

Angina and myocardial infarction is often accompanied by pain behind the breastbone. But with the defeat of the rear parts of the heart muscle, the nature of the pain syndrome is changing – my back hurts under left shoulder blade, gives in his left hand, in the lower back in the lower jaw. The pain is accompanied by fear of death and can be so strong that removing it may require narcotic drugs (of course, in the hospital).

Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) can affect the pleura in the lower divisions. Inflamed pleural surfaces rubbing together during breathing, and gives you lumbar pain with one side or the other. The pain increases, the temperature increases if the pleural cavity the fluid has accumulated.

Various diseases of the abdominal cavity in addition to abdominal pain can give left-sided pain in the lower back. In acute pathology requiring immediate surgical intervention (inflammation of the peritoneum, intestinal obstruction), the pain is severe and is accompanied by muscle tension of the abdominal wall. With long-term slow processes in the liver, the pancreas, the stomach of a patient concerned about aching chronic pain. They are not intense, but because of their permanent nature, the patient experiences discomfort.

About the pregnancy until now, the debate continues – what is it disease or normal? One way or another, but the gestation leads to a shift of all the physiological processes of the body and the emergence of various pains, including left lower back. In this case the pain is caused by several factors – increased intra-abdominal pressure, displacement of internal organs and squeezing them pregnant uterus, further increasing the load on the spine weight of the fetus. If the pain increases and it is noted bleeding from the genital organs, it is likely to have developed life-threatening maternal and fetal complications. You should urgently into the ambulance to go to the hospital.

Diagnosis and treatment of pain in the left side of the waist is held by several specialists – physician, neurologist, physician ultrasound, and if necessary, a gynecologist, a surgeon, a trauma surgeon. First, it turns out the prescription and left the character of pain – burning, aching, pulling, gives-does not give in other parts of the body. On the basis of specific symptoms during the examination may be suspected pathology of the spine or internal organs.

But without laboratory tests is not enough. In the hospital take on the General analysis of blood, urine. Recently become popular blood tests for markers of certain diseases. Compulsory registration of the electrocardiogram to confirm or exclude heart disease. If necessary, a more in-depth diagnostics – radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography.

Treatment left lumbar pain common recommendations no. Currently, to combat this and other pain pharmacological industry developed an Arsenal of appropriate drugs, analgesics. But analgesics are not always able to solve the problem, as these funds eliminate the pain, but do not eliminate its cause. Moreover, medical examination before anesthesia is not desirable because it distorts the clinical picture and are more difficult to diagnose.

diagnosis back pain

For this reason, caution should be use traditional medicines. They should be used only in combination with pharmaceutical means. In diseases of the spine, a great result given physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises, massage, manual therapy. But these methods of treatment is absolutely unacceptable for tuberculosis, tumors, pregnancy, some diseases of the skin and pathology of the cardiovascular system. During treatment, a left lumbar pain, like any other, needs strictly individual approach. And make it can only in a medical facility.